The Types of Kayaks and their Functions
Kayaks are one of the best recreational water vehicles available. They have been used for many years and are still being used today. Most kayaks are single seated, but there are models available with additional seats in order to carry a group of people. Kayaks are commonly used for whitewater rafting and kayaking, fishing, snorkeling and other recreational activities.
A kayak is typically a narrow, inflatable boat that is usually propelled primarily by a single, double-sided paddle. The word kayak derives from the Greenlandic term qaattu. In the Alaskan Eskimo language, the word for ” Kayak” is “Kek” and the word for “boat” is “Kavik”. Because boats and kayaks are similar and because they both propel people or other items in water, both words have come to refer to the same type of vessel.
There are many different styles of kayaks. Some of the most popular types include; freestyle kayaks, inflatable kayaks, sit-on-top kayaks, rowboats, windsurfing kayaks, canoeing kayaks, ski-pens, paddleboards, river kayaks and stand-up kayaks. River and stream kayaks have rapids built in. Some of these types of kayaks have built-in sleeping accommodations for overnight trips.
River kayaks are generally built to handle strong rapids and have a long hull. These kayaks are excellent for fishing on rivers and large rivers. On the other hand, sit-on top kayaks can be used for fishing on the ocean’s waves and can also be used as a fishing boat. Paddleboard kayaks are a form of kayaking that is operated by using a motor. Paddleboards can also be used on inland lakes and bodies of water.
There is an increasing number of people who now prefer canoeing over kayaking or surfing. Kayaking can be a competitive sport but canoeing can be a leisurely recreational activity for all ages. Some canoeing clubs have even formed to cater to the needs of recreational canoers. Many canoes today have special accessories to allow them to be competitively used in competitive sports such as kayaking.
Whitewater kayaks are very popular and many manufacturers make specialized kayaks designed for use in whitewater conditions. The kayaks have special seats that offer excellent comfort. Typically, kayaks are propelled by their hulls while they are steered by a motor. These kayaks are suitable for flat water and small rapids.
Stand-up kayaks were designed to provide a comfortable place for the paddler to stand while paddling. The kayaks are designed to have a rudder to help the paddleger in getting their kayaks up and down through the rapids. Paddle boats are large whitewater kayaks with an enclosed rudder that is operated by a motor.
Sea Kayaks are suitable for smooth waters and deep ocean currents. Sea Kayaks are not fast and will cruise at a speed of three to six miles per hour and can reach a maximum speed of twenty miles per hour. Sea Kayaks have a single hull design and can have one or two masts.
The traditional type of kayak has a front-engine or a rear-engine design. Both types of kayaks propel water by using the hull, which pushes water against the side of the kayak. The hydrostatic drive propel system in these kayaks works by creating an underwater vacuum by pushing water against the hull. A powerful fan blade pushes the water backwards, pulling the paddle through the hull. The fan blade is located in the rear of the kayak. Kayakers should always use a ladder if at all possible to avoid hitting the blade.
Canoe Kayaks are smaller than kayaks and most canoeist use them for shorter distance travelling. There are basically three kinds of canoe – the fixed boat, the floating canoe and the canoing canoe. A fixed canoe has a rectangular hull and a built-in motor. The floating canoe has a open hull that resembles a small houseboat and uses oars or paddles instead of a motor to propel the canoe.
White Water Kayaking refers to this type of kayaking and is especially suited for people who wish to kayak in white water, without the need of support oars. A kayak of this type has a single seating area for the passengers and a single paddler. It is recommended that a solo kayakist should not try white water kayaking as it could lead to serious injury. In addition, inexperienced kayak users should exercise caution when dealing with the white water, as serious injuries have been reported as a result of kayak accidents in white water situations.
Kayaks are available in two varieties – single and double-bladed. The double-bladed paddle is designed to make climbing, balancing and swimming easier. Kayaks intended for single-axis operation have paddles attached along two edges of the kayak; double-axis kayaks have paddles attached in one edge and two arms. Kayaks intended for single-axis operation are generally wider and longer than double-axis kayaks and have a single seating area. Double-axis kayaks are generally easier to handle and more stable; they also tend to be lighter and less expensive than comparable single-axis kayaks.